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  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223625.jpg
    Irine and Moneka - El Bashra, Upper Egypt.
    Irine comes from a small Coptic village in Upper Egypt. She was circumcised one day after school, when she was 12 years old. She doesn’t have much memories of it, but says she’s still deeply traumatized by the violence of the event. She got married at a young age, and gave birth to six kids. Two of them died during the delivery. Consequences of FGM are indeed going way beyond psychological trauma, since obstetrical complications can occur to the victims, such as post-partum hemorrhage, need of episiotomy, tearing of the tissues or flesh, while the rate of death among new born babies is higher. After the birth of her first daughter, she had long discussions with her husband about FGM. «  He actually supported my choice, I think he understood it didn’t have anything to do with religion and could only arm Moneka. His family, however, didn’t accept our choice, and still pressure us today. »
  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223626.jpg
    Umm Malek and Malek - Qalanfil, Delta of Egypt
    Umm Malek lives in a small muslim village in the Delta of Egypt. She got circumcised at 10 years old and remains profoundly scarred by the trauma of that day. «  You can easily forget what you’ve eaten on that day, or how the weather was. But you can’t forget the trauma, the pain… »
    Umm Malek is now fully conscient of the long term consequences of such practice on her mental health as well as in her married woman’s intimate life. «  What we tend to ignore is that many divorces happen because of that barbarian practice. Women and men become unsatisfied, it leads to a lot of frustration and anger. ». After giving birth to a daughter, she started attending awareness sessions lead by a local NGO in a nearby village. The consequences she was facing herself combined to these sessions convinced her for good that she couldn’t perpetrate that practice on her daughter. «  I simply couldn’t inflict such misery to my own daughter. I want her to be happily married. » At first, women of her village pressured her to circumcise Umm Malek, threatening that she would never get her daughter married if she didn’t. « But I took these women to the awareness sessions with me, and since then, five of them decided to not cut their daughters ! »
  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223627.jpg
    Marsa and Barbara Anna -El Bashra, Upper Egypt
    Marsa also comes from a Coptic community, where circumcision is still widely spread. When she was inflicted with FGM at a young age, she suffered from severe bleeding, and had to remain in bed for more than a week. Complications such as infections, HIV or severe bleedings are common in such rurale areas where FGM is practiced with non sterilized razor blades or knives. Tales of women being told to sit in buckets of hot water to heal the wound is also regularly recalled, attesting of the absolute lack of medical attention these young girls receive.
    While growing up, Marsa couldn’t get rid of the trauma and the fear of that event. Thankfully, women in her village were slowly giving up on that tradition following the public discourses of the local priest taking position against that practice.
  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223628.jpg
    Do’a and Baheda - Sandibis, Delta of Egypt
    Do’a comes from a particularly traditional muslim family and was also circumcised at a young age. «  Shortly after the birth of Baheda, I started attending awareness sessions in my village where we’d talk about reproductive health, women’s rights.. Some sessions also tackled the topic of circumcision, and some sheikhs attended it ! When they explained to us that it is absolutely not mentioned by the Quran, it was a revelation for us. Religion was our parents’ main argument for doing it! »
    In Egypt, where religion is particularly anchored in the social fabric of the country, religious leaders are an essential asset in the fight against the practice as they can counter the religious argument that is the most commonly used to perpetrate the practice.
  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223629.jpg
    Do’a and Baheda - Sandibis, Delta of Egypt
    Do’a comes from a particularly traditional muslim family and was also circumcised at a young age. «  Shortly after the birth of Baheda, I started attending awareness sessions in my village where we’d talk about reproductive health, women’s rights.. Some sessions also tackled the topic of circumcision, and some sheikhs attended it ! When they explained to us that it is absolutely not mentioned by the Quran, it was a revelation for us. Religion was our parents’ main argument for doing it! »
    In Egypt, where religion is particularly anchored in the social fabric of the country, religious leaders are an essential asset in the fight against the practice as they can counter the religious argument that is the most commonly used to perpetrate the practice.
  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223630.jpg
    Maria and Anna - El Bersha, Upper Egypt.
    Maria got circumcised at 12 years old at the same time of her younger sister.
    "We never talked about it after that. We felt as if it was something slightly shameful but somehow normal. We thought we weren't allowed to cry about it, or express any pain."
    Just as many women of her village, maria got convinced by the local priest that the practice was abnormal. "As for our husbands, they were easily convinced as well. They quickly saw that all the women were abandoning the practice and they understood that it ha nothing to do with religion in any case. "
  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223631.jpg
    Doaa and Shahid - Islamilia, northern Egypt
    « I was ten years old and my parents told me that a big party was organized for me at my grandmother’s house. I had no idea what was going on. » When arriving there, dozens of relatives were gathered, but her questions to her mother about the reason of that event were left unanswered. «  I remember that a friend of my parents came discreetly to me looking upset. He told me to run away while I could, that I should escape. I should have listened to him.. » Doaa remember very well the exact moment she got circumcised. The biggest pain remains seeing her mother ignoring her cries for help when a local barber took her clothes off and held a razor blade between her legs.
    It was only at university that she started exchanging about that practice for the first time with other women. And when she got married to a Palestinian man, she suddenly understood the abnormality of FGM. « I realized that Egypt was one of the only countries of the Middle-East to perpetrate such practice. My husband made me realize that most of the countries, including some countries following the Sharia, weren’t cutting their women. It was therefore naturally that we chose to protect Shahid from it. My family is still furious about it, but at least I have my family in law’s support. » Doaa is now a Humans Rights and Women’s Rights lawyer. Due to the severe breakdown on activists in Egypt, she can’t live with her daughter anymore for her protection.
  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223632.jpg
    Doaa and Shahid - Islamilia, northern Egypt
    « I was ten years old and my parents told me that a big party was organized for me at my grandmother’s house. I had no idea what was going on. » When arriving there, dozens of relatives were gathered, but her questions to her mother about the reason of that event were left unanswered. «  I remember that a friend of my parents came discreetly to me looking upset. He told me to run away while I could, that I should escape. I should have listened to him.. » Doaa remember very well the exact moment she got circumcised. The biggest pain remains seeing her mother ignoring her cries for help when a local barber took her clothes off and held a razor blade between her legs.
    It was only at university that she started exchanging about that practice for the first time with other women. And when she got married to a Palestinian man, she suddenly understood the abnormality of FGM. « I realized that Egypt was one of the only countries of the Middle-East to perpetrate such practice. My husband made me realize that most of the countries, including some countries following the Sharia, weren’t cutting their women. It was therefore naturally that we chose to protect Shahid from it. My family is still furious about it, but at least I have my family in law’s support. » Doaa is now a Humans Rights and Women’s Rights lawyer. Due to the severe breakdown on activists in Egypt, she can’t live with her daughter anymore for her protection.
  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223633.jpg
    Fayza and Maha - Alexandria, Northern Egypt
    Fayza was married to a 45 years old man when she was barely 14 years old. She had been circumcised a few years before, without any explanations. Fayza being from an older generation, circumcision was seen as a normal practice, that couldn’t be objected.
    « The first time I ever heard about FGM was on the night of my wedding when undressing for my husband. I was discovering sexuality through the prism of my mutilation. » Only then did she realize that this practice was barbarian, and could have life-long consequences on her - and her couple.
    None of her daughters are therefore circumcised, despite the very strong social pressure that weighted on her, especially 30 years ago.
    When her daughter Maha gave birth to a young girl, she decided to follow her mother’s steps and refused to circumcise her baby girl. However, after a complicated divorce, her baby girl got taken away from her by her husband.
    She discovered years after, when she finally won her custody back, that he circumcised her against her will, when she was 13 years old.
    Fayza remains however hopeful «  Traditions are strong. Pressure is strong. But the new generation has enough cards in their hands to change things. They are the first ones to talk openly about it, and they have the capacity to generate change thanks to that. »
  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223634.jpg
    Mariana, Yoanna and Febroina - Mallawi, Upper Egypt
    Mariana was circumcised on the same day as her sister and a dozen of young girls taken to the same house, one day after school. There, they were circumcised one after the other by a local da’ya (a village midwife). «  Everybody was screaming, some girls tried running away… It was absolutely awful, and we weren’t even told what was happening except that it was for our own good ! »
    But a decade ago, Father Aghethaton, the coptic priest of the village, started militating against that practice. Through preaches at the church, awareness sessions and discussions with the mothers of the village, he slowly started eradicating that practice. His successor is now following his path, while almost half of the women of that community has supposedly abandoned the practice. Social pressure and religious arguments are often the two main barriers to the eradication of FGM.
  • The Purest Choice - Female Genital Mutilation in Egypt
    Egypt
    Chloe Sharrock
    LePictorium_0223635.jpg
    Maha and Maryam - Cairo
    For Maha, her circumcision was felt as a rape and leaded to a complex relationship with her own body. «  All my young life, I was told to never uncover in front of man, to remain modest. But on that day, a man forcedly took off my clothes, and touched me, mutilated me, on the most intimate part of my body, and my parents consented to it. »
    After that event, Maha couldn’t stand her body. She could barely undress in front of her own husband, and hated physical contact. It’s only around her thirties that she started hearing about the toxic consequences that FGM can have. She started to attend some reunions and storytelling sessions with women that went through FGM as well, and slowly started to accept her body again. « It has always been a struggle with my husband. I was frigid. And when I had to give birth, I couldn’t bare the idea of undressing or being touched by doctors. I therefore had to undergo an emergency C-section, and I almost lost my child on that day. My two deliveries went exactly the same way… »
    Maha has now started a program of awareness sessions about FGM for Syrian refugees in Egypt. « These women don’t know anything about that practice, since it’s not common at all in Syria. When they arrive here, they marry with Egyptians that suddenly tell them that it’s what the Quran dictates. But we need to prevent that practice from spreading in other communities. »
  • I AM CHARLIE
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0220324.jpg
    Candles, drawings, words and pencils in homage to the victims not far from the offices of Charlie hebdo. January 13, 2015. Paris, France.
  • I AM CHARLIE
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0220325.jpg
    Candles, drawings, words and pencils in homage to the victims not far from the offices of Charlie hebdo. January 13, 2015. Paris, France.
  • I AM CHARLIE
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0220326.jpg
    Candles, drawings, words and pencils in homage to the victims not far from the offices of Charlie hebdo. January 13, 2015. Paris, France.
  • I AM CHARLIE
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0220327.jpg
    Candles, drawings, words and pencils in homage to the victims not far from the offices of Charlie hebdo. January 13, 2015. Paris, France.
  • I AM CHARLIE
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0220328.jpg
    Candles, drawings, words and pencils in homage to the victims not far from the offices of Charlie hebdo. January 13, 2015. Paris, France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217486.jpg
    Refugees and migrants queue in front of the sorting center set up by the prefecture on the first day of the dismantling of the jungle slum. October 24, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217487.jpg
    Refugees, suitcases in hand, join the sorting center set up by the prefecture. October 24, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217488.jpg
    Migrants and refugees are waiting in the courtyard prefecture departure by bus to CAO (Reception and Orientation Center) throughout France. All of his people are migrants who have volunteered to leave the Calais Jungle. October 30, 2015. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217489.jpg
    Migrants and refugees put their belongings in the bunkers of a bus that must drive them to CAO (Reception and Orientation Center) throughout France. All of his people are migrants who have volunteered to leave the Calais Jungle. October 30, 2015. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217490.jpg
    Goodbye scene between refugees, before the departure by bus which must lead to CAD (Reception and Orientation Center) throughout France. All of his people are migrants who have volunteered to leave the Calais Jungle. October 30, 2015. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217491.jpg
    Goodbye scene between refugees, before the departure by bus which must lead to CAD (Reception and Orientation Center) throughout France. All of his people are migrants who have volunteered to leave the Calais Jungle. October 30, 2015. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217492.jpg
    Evacuation and displacement by bus, first voluntary migrants of the Jungle of Calais. They must join CAO (Reception and Referral Center) throughout France. October 30, 2015. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217493.jpg
    Volunteers and activists are powerless to witness the destruction of the southern part of the jungle slum. February 29, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217494.jpg
    Second day of evacuation of the southern part of the Calais Jungle. Refugees move the barracks from the dismantling area to the northern part of the camp. The tents are destroyed as and when the migrants have to leave the camp. March 01, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217495.jpg
    The police check the contents of a truck belonging to the association - the hostel of migrants. They carry suitcases to allow migrants / refugees to pack their belongings before the dismantling of the slum to be held the next day. October 23, 2016. Calais. France
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217496.jpg
    Second day of evacuation of the southern part of the Camais Jungle. Two migrants mounted on their homes and who were threatening to cut their veins are mastered by the forces of order come to ensure the good progress of the dismantling. March 01, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217497.jpg
    Second day of evacuation of the southern part of the Camais Jungle. An activist carries a sign listing the population of the southern section while two policemen stand guard to prevent access to the party in full demantelment. The state has registered about 1000 people while the NGOs speak about 3000 people concerned and denounce a lack of solution. March 01, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217498.jpg
    Migrants and refugees leave the CAP (temporary reception center) to go to the sorting center set up by the prefecture for the final dismantling of the slum. October 24, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217499.jpg
    Migrants and refugees leave the CAP (temporary reception center) to go to the sorting center set up by the prefecture for the final dismantling of the slum. October 24, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217500.jpg
    Movement of crowd in front of the sorting center set up by the prefecture as part of the dismantling of the jungle slum. October 24, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217501.jpg
    Movement of crowd in front of the sorting center set up by the prefecture as part of the dismantling of the jungle slum. October 24, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217502.jpg
    A small group of refugees leave the jungle of Calais. October 29, 2015. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217503.jpg
    About one hundred Ethiopians of the Oromo ethnic group demonstrate with their departure from the Jungle of Calais. The political march wanted to denounce the persecutions in their country. At the cries of Oromo, free Oromia, the demonstrators left the jungle on foot to reach the hangar where they were waiting for buses to take them to reception and orientation centers (CAO) in the regions. October 24, 2015. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217504.jpg
    View of the Eritrean Orthodox Church in the morning mist of the Calais Jungle. 1st day of the dismantling of the slum. October 20, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217505.jpg
    Second day of evacuation of the southern part of the Calais Jungle. Law enforcement officers are driving refugees out of the southern zone where the dismantling has begun. Some people stay until the last moment while others climb on their shelters in the hope of slowing down the demolitions of the barraquements. February 29, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217506.jpg
    First day of the final dismantling of the Jungle, the largest slum in Europe. Law enforcement officers guard the area while the cleaning crews start their work timidly. October 25, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217507.jpg
    First day of the final dismantling of the Jungle, the largest slum in Europe. The cleaning teams are timidly beginning their work in front of the teams of journalists. October 25, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217508.jpg
    First day of the final dismantling of the Jungle, the largest slum in Europe. Law enforcement officers guard the area while the cleaning crews start their work timidly. October 25, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217509.jpg
    Remains of the commercial district went up in smoke during the fires of the last days. Third day of the dismantling of the slum. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217510.jpg
    Refugees leave a last message on a barracks before leaving the jungle on the third day of dismantling. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217511.jpg
    Fire start in a jungle hut. Third day of the dismantling of the slum. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217512.jpg
    Fire start in a jungle hut. Third day of the dismantling of the slum. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217513.jpg
    Firefighters and police are trying to contain a barrage fire and keep people out of the way. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217514.jpg
    A team of volunteer firefighters try to contain the fires and prevent their proliferations.Three day the dismantling of the slum. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217515.jpg
    A team of volunteer firefighters try to contain the fires and prevent their proliferations.Three day the dismantling of the slum. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217516.jpg
    Two men, their heads in their hands, wait on the edge of the jungle. The police closed all access to the slum on the third day of the dismantling. Access will be impossible for about an hour and a half before its reopening October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217517.jpg
    Remains of the commercial district went up in smoke during the fires of the last days. Third day of the dismantling of the slum. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217518.jpg
    Traces of caterpillars left by bulldozers cover the jungle floor on the fifth day of the slum dismantling. October 28, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217519.jpg
    Remains of the commercial district went up in smoke during the fires of the last days. Third day of the dismantling of the slum. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217520.jpg
    Members of the Eritrean church pray before the Church of the Jungle Camp before it is destroyed on the fifth day of the slum dismantling. The church was one of the few buildings that had been spared from the first dismantling in March. October 28, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217521.jpg
    On the last day of the dismantling of the camp, men pack icons of the Eritrean Orthodox Church. Calais, France. October 2016.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217522.jpg
    Remains of various habitats gone up in smoke during the fires of the last days. Fourth day of the dismantling of the slum. October 27, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217523.jpg
    View of the jungle slum where teams of destruction and cleanups are busy dismantling. October 27, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217524.jpg
    A man screams, frightened by the sight of the Jungle that goes up in smoke. Third day of the dismantling of the slum. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217525.jpg
    Firefighters try to extinguish the fires that ravage the Jungle. Many fire departures have destroyed the slum since the fire of the trading district in the night of 25 to 26 October. Third day of the dismantling of the slum. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217526.jpg
    Remains of various habitats gone up in smoke during the fires of the last days. Fourth day of the dismantling of the slum. October 27, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217527.jpg
    Firefighters try to extinguish the fires that ravage the Jungle. Many fire departures have destroyed the slum since the fire of the trading district in the night of 25 to 26 October. Third day of the dismantling of the slum. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217528.jpg
    Dozens of refugees are gathered in front of the CAP (temporary reception center) saturated with the camp of the Jungle. Among them are several isolated minors who will sleep outside tonight now that the slum is destroyed. October 27, 2016. Calais. France.
  • Refugees in the jungle of Calais
    France
    Michael Bunel
    LePictorium_0217529.jpg
    view of the Jungle on fire in the morning as refugees leave the scene. During the night the -quartier trader- caught fire. A series of fire starts followed all day and the following days, leaving the slum in ashes. October 26, 2016. Calais. France.
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